Goal dependence means that all team member depends on the other team members achieving their goals so that he or she can perform his or hers.
It also means that the most important goal to be performed is the team goal.
Task interdependence means that if one team member doesn’t do his or her job well, more than one of the other team members can’t do their jobs well either
Goal dependence and task interdependence are in the centre of successful team performance. I understand they’re fancy descriptions. Don’t be concerned about that. The implications are what matter.
The Team Exists
Managers have the responsibility for developing effective teams. Observe that I said “developing” not “building” teams. Even though you have just one employee, you have a team. It doesn’t need to be “built “.It exists. The team, not the average person, is the fundamental productive unit in your company.
Multiple Team Membership
Each employee will be a person in at the least two teams. Small Medium Business UK Managers usually are members of at the least three: the management team, the team they really lead and some other team or teams they take part in as a manager.
Team Goals Essential
Our inclination as manager would be to concentrate of individual performance and individual development. That’s what we’ve been taught. This disregards goal dependence and task interdependence. Yet these two essentials are clearly evident in virtually any workplace. No area of the business can be really successful without co-operation from other parts. And no individual can succeed without the co-operation of others.
Relevance For Small-Medium Business
In small-medium business, multi-team membership is common, even essential. Employees must communicate with numerous others or “wear many hats” merely due to business size. Rigid, single team membership is far much more likely in large business.
Implications For Managers
The reality of Goal Dependence and Task Interdependence means that small-medium business managers need to review several things
What teams exist?
Who’s by which teams?
What are the goals and the performance standards of the different teams?
What are the crucial interactions between teams?
Are team incentives already in place?
Do employees value teamwork sufficiently highly?
Are they, the managers, effective team leaders?
Do our systems enhance performance both within and between teams?
Is beneficial team membership part of our staff selection criteria?
In small-medium business effective team performance is essential. In these businesses a breakdown in just a team or between teams can have devastating results. And because staff may “wear many hats” poor performance in one single area will invariably have serious consequences in others. Goal Dependence and Task Interdependence may seem a bit like longwinded jargon. But they sum up a fact confronting managers in small-medium business every daily.